Has India Joined the Paris Climate Agreement

India is one of the fastest-growing economies in the world and also one of the biggest emitters of greenhouse gases. The country has been under intense pressure in recent years to join the Paris Climate Agreement, which aims to limit global warming to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. But has India finally signed on to this global climate pact?

The Paris Climate Agreement

The Paris Climate Agreement is a legally binding agreement that was adopted by 195 nations in December 2015. The agreement aims to hold the increase in the global average temperature to well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase to 1.5 degrees Celsius. To achieve this goal, countries are required to submit their own commitments to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

India`s Position on the Paris Climate Agreement

India had initially refused to sign the Paris Climate Agreement, citing the need to balance economic growth with environmental concerns. However, in October 2016, India announced that it would ratify the agreement on October 2, 2016, the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. The country`s decision to ratify the Paris Agreement was widely welcomed by the international community, which saw it as a significant step towards tackling climate change.

India`s Commitment to the Paris Climate Agreement

As of 2021, India is one of the countries that has successfully met its commitment to the Paris Climate Agreement. Under the agreement, India pledged to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions intensity by 33-35% by 2030 compared to 2005 levels. The country also committed to achieving 40% of its total energy capacity from renewable sources by 2030. In 2020, India`s renewable energy capacity stood at 136 GW, an increase of 13 times from 2010.

India has taken several initiatives to meet its climate commitments, including the promotion of electric vehicles, the expansion of renewable energy capacity, and the implementation of energy-efficient building codes. The country has also launched the International Solar Alliance, a group of over 120 countries that aims to promote the adoption of solar energy.

Conclusion

India`s decision to join the Paris Climate Agreement was a significant step towards tackling climate change. The country`s commitment to reducing its greenhouse gas emissions intensity and expanding its renewable energy capacity has been widely welcomed by the international community. However, there is still much work to be done to achieve the goals of the Paris Agreement. With its growing economy and population, India will continue to play a crucial role in the fight against climate change.