Withdrawal Agreement Bill Explained

The Withdrawal Agreement Bill Explained: What You Need to Know

The Withdrawal Agreement Bill is a crucial piece of legislation that outlines the terms of the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. It has been a source of controversy and debate since it was first introduced in 2018, and it has undergone numerous revisions and amendments in the years since.

So, what exactly is the Withdrawal Agreement Bill, and what does it mean for the UK`s future relationship with the EU? Here`s a simple breakdown of the key points you need to know.

What is the Withdrawal Agreement Bill?

In essence, the Withdrawal Agreement Bill is a legal framework that sets out the terms of the UK`s departure from the EU. It covers a wide range of issues, including citizens` rights, the “divorce bill” (the financial settlement that the UK will pay to the EU as part of its departure), and the post-Brexit transition period.

The Withdrawal Agreement was negotiated by the UK and the EU over several years, and it was finally approved by both sides in late 2019. However, it was only ratified by the UK parliament in January 2020, and it came into force on January 31st, 2020.

What are the key points of the Withdrawal Agreement Bill?

One of the main points of the Withdrawal Agreement Bill is the post-Brexit transition period. This period runs from February 1st, 2020 to December 31st, 2020, and during this time, the UK remains a member of the EU in all but name.

This means that the UK will continue to follow EU rules and regulations, and will still have to pay into the EU`s budget. However, it will no longer have a say in EU decision-making processes, and will not be represented in the EU institutions.

Another key point of the Withdrawal Agreement Bill is the issue of citizens` rights. The Bill contains provisions to protect the rights of EU citizens living in the UK, and UK citizens living in the EU, after Brexit. This includes the right to remain in their respective countries, and to continue to access healthcare and other services.

What are the criticisms of the Withdrawal Agreement Bill?

The Withdrawal Agreement Bill has been criticised by both Brexiteers and Remainers since it was first introduced. Some Brexiteers argue that it does not go far enough in terms of removing the UK from the EU`s regulatory framework, while some Remainers argue that it will damage the UK`s economy and decrease its global influence.

In addition, some critics have raised concerns about the so-called “backstop” provision, which is designed to prevent a hard border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. This provision has been a major sticking point in the negotiations, and some critics argue that it could lead to the UK being trapped in a customs union with the EU indefinitely.


The Withdrawal Agreement Bill is a complex piece of legislation that has been the subject of intense debate and controversy. While it represents a major milestone in the UK`s departure from the EU, it is clear that many issues still need to be resolved before the UK`s future relationship with the EU is fully defined. As such, it is likely that the Withdrawal Agreement Bill will continue to be a major topic of discussion in the months and years to come.